The increasing number of cyber attacks has become a serious issue for all the businesses that are working in with an IT infrastructure. Every year, the severity of cyber attacks is increasing and it is not only limited to giant businesses. Nowadays, even small and medium sized businesses are also being targeted by criminals. In an era where 44 reports are stolen every second and a hacker attacks a software solution or a website every 39 seconds, IT Vulnerability Assessment has become a necessity for businesses of different sizes and industries.

What is IT vulnerability assessment?

IT vulnerability assessment is basically a process of identifying, analyzing and ranking different types of vulnerabilities related to computer and other IT system. The main objective of IT vulnerability assessment is to make IT professionals aware about the different types of loopholes in the IT infrastructure so that they can prepare for dealing with it and use a proactive approach if a safety issue related to the IT system arises.

Vulnerability means any type of weakness or loophole in the design and implementation of the IT infrastructure. These grey areas can open doors for hackers to breach the system and access the sensitive data or get control over the IT system of the company.

IT vulnerability assessment has been helping It professionals in minimizing the delay in taking action while dealing with an attack and it acts as a magic wand for the company against the threat. Many people think that IT vulnerability assessment is confined to the IT industry but that’s not true as it can be applied in different kinds of industries.

The four step guide to IT Vulnerability assessment

Initial Assessment

In the first part of IT vulnerability assessment, the assets are identified and risk along with the critical value of each device is defined, as a security vulnerability scanner. It is very necessary to at least identify the importance of the device that you are using on your network.

System Baseline Definition

After an initial assessment, you will have to collect information about the system before conducting the vulnerability assessment. You can check the device for open ports and processes that shouldn’t be left open.

Start The Vulnerability Scanning

In this stage of IT vulnerability assessment, you will have to use the best policy on your scanner for getting the expected result. Based on the posture and business of your company, you can look for compliance requirements.

Creating A Vulnerability Assessment Report

The most important part of IT vulnerability assessment is creating a report based on your analysis and findings. You should know that this report will be used to take action against the weakness and for rectifying the mistakes and this is why it is very necessary to create an impeccable report.

What are the different types of IT vulnerabilities assessment?

The IT vulnerability assessment is a very broad process in which a wide array of tools, standards, and systems is used to find grey areas, mistakes, weaknesses, threats and risk factors. The success in IT vulnerability assessment depends on how well a loophole is detected and it needs to be done before a hacker discovers the weakness. Following are some of the most common types of IT vulnerability assessment used by most of the companies:-

Network Vulnerability – As the name suggests, in this type of vulnerability assessment, the entire network system is reviewed to find mistakes and weaknesses. Due to the use of open network connection, security risks related to network system has become quite common.

Application Vulnerability – In application vulnerability, the website of the organization is analyzed to know about the different types of software vulnerabilities. Flaws in websites are a result of lack in testing and mistakes in design technique.

Database Vulnerability – With the help of database scanning, organizations can identify grey areas of database and this allows the IT professionals to use a proactive approach to keep away the cybercriminals.

Host Based Vulnerability – All the different types of vulnerabilities related to network host and server workstations are identified. In this type of vulnerability assessment, both the ports and the services are examined thoroughly to identify even minor mistakes. It also aids in providing great visibility into the configuration setting.

Some of the most common IT security vulnerabilities

Laptops – Laptops are very common in most of the organization. It is portable, handy, equipped with various features and it can be connected with any networking system by using the Ethernet port. But along with the portability and ease of use, laptops and notebooks open doors for security vulnerabilities as well.

Most of the laptops contain sensitive information about the business and the organization. If any evil-minded person will get his hands on such type of information then it can prove to be disastrous for the company and for the employee as well.

Websites – In the modern era, businesses can’t survive without a website. Before buying a product or service, most of the customers check the website of a business. But there are many security risks related to a website that go undetected and that poses a serious threat for the firm. Most of the security vulnerabilities related to websites are a result of improper testing, no focus on security features of the website and missing updates.

E-mail – Email is still the most common source of communication for most of the businesses. In addition to professionalism, email allows businesses to carry forward the communication in a customized and safe environment. But now, email systems are prone to cyber attacks and most of the criminal attack their online target through emails as they can be sent to anyone.

The viruses that come along with emails can easily learn the destination host credential and then the criminal can access the email and the sensitive data of the company from anywhere and at any time. The sensitive information stored in the form of e-mails can be used for other unauthorized access as well.

IT vulnerability assessment has become necessary for every type and size of businesses. Other than increasing sales, enhancing brand awareness and hiring best employees, a business now needs to focus on its security as well. With proper IT vulnerability assessment, businesses will be able to find out the loopholes in their IT infrastructure before the criminals do.